Crunching the challenges in high-protein drinking yogurt

Manufacturers of high-protein drinking yogurt are no stranger to quality challenges such as excessive viscosity, off-tastes and sandy textures.

Now, after years of battling for consumer approval, new allies have emerged to help manufacturers resolve their issues once and for all – and bring extra value to the constantly expanding high-protein market.

The dairy industry’s new best friends come from two sources.

1) Enzyme technology driven by the demand for more and better lactose-free dairy products with a tailored texture

2) The outcome of the continuous pursuit for ultra-mild yogurt cultures.

By merging these enzyme and culture solutions, manufacturers are looking at opportunities to produce high-protein drinking yogurt and skyr that match a multitude of consumer expectations. Less added sugar, more fiber and a cleaner product label are among the added bonuses. Above all, taste and texture are vastly improved.

The mother of all issues

Ever since high-protein drinking yogurts began their rise to popularity, it has been no secret the mother of all issues is the protein itself. As the thickening effect of the protein is bad news for any product that presumes to be drinkable, the amount of protein that manufacturers can add has been naturally limited. Heat treatment introduces a further risk of protein denaturation, damage that can lead to that unpleasant sandy texture.

Dairy manufacturers have long had an arsenal of enzymes in their toolbox to modify the proteins and reduce viscosity. But use of enzymes often has a negative domino effect on taste. A masking solution must then be added to mask bitter off-notes.

Sensory differentiation

At IFF, application scientist Jacob Ewert is part of a team that has been working with a new generation of enzymes to overcome the sensory challenges and provide openings for product differentiation. The initial source of inspiration was the rise in demand high-protein products with a reduced viscosity.

Whenever we work on projects like this, our primary goal is to remove the limitations of existing commercial solutions. In this case, we focused on developing a natural enzyme that was able to control viscosity and sandiness in high-protein products without negative impacts on flavor or fermentation times,”​ Ewert said.

The outcome is a protein-acting protease that enables manufacturers to produce a wide range of high-protein dairy products. Used in the production of drinking yogurt, it delivers a light mouthfeel and viscosity with no off-taste.

Less sugar, more fiber

The development of new lactase enzymes for lactose-free dairy has created further possibilities for product differentiation. By releasing the milk sugars glucose and galactose, the lactose-modifying processes naturally increase sweetness and create an open opportunity for manufacturers to put a reduced or no added sugar claim on the label.

Ewert said the most recent advance in lactase technology goes even further, making it possible to reduce the lactose and simultaneously polymerize the galactose.

This polymerization is a natural, in situ process where a galactose unit is transferred to another lactose molecule, forming so-called galactooligosaccharides (GOS), which are dietary fibers. In this way, manufacturers can reduce the sugar content of plain yoghurt by at least 35% while generating up to 2% natural fiber directly in their product.”​

From acidic to ultra-mild

At a time when high-protein drinking yogurts are vying for consumer attention, the new enzymes are proving to be true catalysts of added value. Equally importantly, they work well with the latest starter culture developments.

IFF’s principal application specialist and fermentation expert Kirsten Lauridsen said the continuous push for ultra-mild cultures is behind a solution to excessive acidity in high-protein yogurt production.

Acidity is a frequent problem in high-protein drinking yogurt and skyr products simply due to their much higher protein content. Our latest cultures for this purpose add another layer of mildness to what was previously possible,”​ Lauridsen said.

When talking about cultures for drinking yogurt, we also have to consider the likelihood of exopolysaccharide (EPS) formation. While this is a welcome feature in indulgent, spoonable yogurts, a medium EPS-forming culture is a clear advantage in drinkable products, which must be smooth and refreshing.”​

Sensory evaluation trials have linked the mildness of these new cultures to a higher sweetness perception – and another possibility to reduce added sugar. The risk of post-acidification is also minimal, ensuring a stable mild taste throughout shelf life.

A simply friendly label

Overall, the combination of new dairy enzymes and ultra-mild cultures eliminates the need for further masking or texture-regulating solutions to maximize final product appeal. In addition to a more consumer-friendly label, manufacturers can look forward to a simpler recipe and improved production flexibility and throughput.

Fast and uniform fermentation, efficient lactose conversion and tailored viscosity are on the list of processing advantages.

In a competitive market, the best challenge crunchers are the easiest to employ. The latest dairy ingredient technology provides everything necessary to meet today’s evolving consumer needs, simply and naturally – making great sensory experiences the constant number one.

Website Link (Article by Jim Cornall)

Published by RenSun Lee

Kia ora! Sustainability is at the core of my soul ever since I was a kid. I always strive to finish the food on my plate and live as a minimalist. I love to cut down on waste in order to live sustainably and harmoniously with our planet. This brings me to my passion as a Food Scientist to integrate new technologies into innovative and creative solutions to meet customer demands and market trends and to optimize products and processes for quality, savings and sustainability. To these goals, I have published a Journal on my work on sustainable packaging and patented a new Antimicrobial wash. Nothing is more satisfying than working hard and smart at the workplace and playing hard outside of working hours. I enjoy rejuvenating myself through spending quality time with my two adorable kids and my awesome soul mate and getting close to nature when possible, be it gardening, tramping or going to the beach. I also love to learn about our magnificent universe and how sustainability is working in the grand scheme of things. I strongly believe that Work, Life & Balance is the key to a healthy state of mind, both physically and mentally. I look forward to making a positive difference wherever and whenever I can. Through this Blog, I hope to catalog recent Food Trends and Food Technologies that I come across so that anyone who is interested can have access to it (articles and resources). Please use these resources at your discretion. On top of that, I would also like to share related news and technologies of the future that would help mankind advance towards a Type 1 Civilization. Please feel free to contact me if you would like to share and contribute to the “Resources“. I would like to thank you in advance for dropping by. I sincerely hope that you can benefit from the recent Food Trends and Food Technologies I catalogued. Kind regards | Ngā mihi RenSun Lee

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